Re: Handling file extensions and drivers

Sean Gillies

Hi Hannes,

We don't have such a mapping in Fiona. GDAL/OGR has one tucked away inside the metadata of format drivers. See for example. It might make sense to expose GDAL's mapping in some way. A consideration: Fiona would only be able to map extensions to drivers for currently enabled drivers at runtime. One might scrape the GDAL code to make a mapping for *all* possible supported drivers, but then some of these wouldn't be available to users at runtime, depending on the GDAL distribution they've installed.

In case you hadn't seen, Python has a mimetypes module already. Its how I think things should work in a perfect world where GDAL understood mimetypes.

>>> import mimetypes
>>> mimetypes.types_map['.json']
>>> mimetypes.types_map['.tif']

but it doesn't have the geospatial formats because we "geo-web" people haven't bothered to register them.

>>> mimetypes.types_map['.shp']
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
KeyError: '.shp'
>>> mimetypes.types_map['.gpkg']
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
KeyError: '.gpkg'

GeoJSON *is* registered, but I think the mimetypes data needs an update.

>>> mimetypes.types_map['.geojson'] == 'application/geo+json'
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
KeyError: '.geojson'

On Wed, Apr 3, 2019, 11:08 AM <> wrote:
For a Fiona-based command line tool I am wondering how to best to handle user-selected output file formats and drivers.

Is there a ready-to-use way to select the driver based on the file extension? Maybe via a mapping of driver -> file extension?

E.g. if a user specified "out.geojson", the driver should be GeoJSON, if "out.shp" then use "ESRI Shapefile", etc.

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